Planning may be the process of making a plan for achieving an objective. It includes defining the situation, establishing goals and setting action programs to achieve these goals.

A well-planned program provides a obvious picture showing how to strategy the challenge in front of you and what techniques are necessary to resolve it. Additionally, it helps to reduce the uncertainties that often occur as a result of unanticipated events or changes in the environment.

Generally, you will find seven vital steps in the planning cycle: participating stakeholders, doing a situational analysis/needs assessment, producing goals and objectives, developing a task plan, money and budgeting, collecting data to determine result, and studying progress toward achievement of program goals.

Goals and objectives are the most important part of a program, and in addition they should be defined within an appropriate fashion to ensure that they shall be achieved. These kinds of need to be realistic, mutually agreed to and measurable.

The next step is to identify the group for a course. This will help to concentrate the program in that audience’s needs and make this more likely for your group to participate.

Finally, the program package should summarize a series of initial, intermediate, and long-term results (Israel, 2001). These should be aligned together with the goals and objectives within the plan.

Involving people, like volunteers, Advisory Councils, donors and also other stakeholders inside the program organizing process is crucial to powerful Extension education. That involves all members and builds dedication to the applications.